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The Canada Emergency Business Account (CEBA) is an initiative of the Government of Canada.  The official Government website is

When Does the CEBA Loan Need to be Repaid?

When Does the CEBA Loan Need to be Repaid?
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Navigating the world of financial loans can be a difficult path. Yet, understanding the nuts and bolts of repayment schedules, such as for the CEBA Loan, is important for your financial health and stability. Let’s put this together, step by step, ensuring you are never left in the dark. We will try to answer: when does the CEBA loan need to be repaid, so you can make the most informed decision possible?

CEBA Loan Overview

When Does the CEBA Loan Need to be Repaid?

The Canadian Emergency Business Account (CEBA) program was established to aid Canada’s small businesses and non-profits tremendously affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. This program offered interest-free loans of $40,000 or $60,000 until June 30, 2021. The most enticing feature of this loan program was the potential for loan forgiveness if repayments were made within a specified timeframe, namely, before December 31, 2023.

That being said, if the loan is not repaid within this grace period, an annual interest rate of 5% is applied. Thus, businesses must understand the exact dates on repayment terms and know the CEBA eligibility criteria if they wish to benefit from this opportunity effectively. 

The federal government aid, especially in the form of these Canada Emergency Business Account Loans, has been a lifeline for Canadian businesses, helping them navigate the economic fallout of the pandemic. Furthermore, the possibility of having a portion of the loan forgiven presents an immensely beneficial prospect for those able to meet the repayment terms in the given timeframe.

Terms of the CEBA Loan Repayment

CEBA Loan Repayment Terms

The CEBA loan repayment structure has some distinct features to note. If you managed to repay your loan balance on or before December 31, 2023, the program would forgive 33 percent of the loan. This could mean forgiveness of up to $20,000. This aspect of the program is designed to incentivize timely repayment and provide significant relief to businesses that manage their finances effectively during these challenging economic times.

Additionally, it is important to keep in mind that any remaining balance after the initial forgiveness must be repaid by December 31, 2025. This provides an extended timeline for businesses to effectively manage and plan their financial resources.

The loan is interest-free until the end of 2023, making it a highly beneficial aid for an independent business struggling through the pandemic. However, beginning January 1, 2024, a 5% annual interest will be applied to any outstanding balance. Therefore, small business owners should strategize their repayment plans to avoid or minimize the accrual of interest charges post-2023. A detailed understanding of these terms can help businesses make the most from the CEBA loan program while minimizing the long-term financial burden.

When Does the CEBA Loan Need to be Repaid?

When is the time to repay the CEBA Loan?

So, when does the CEBA loan need to be repaid? As discussed above, businesses can have the facility of CEBA loan forgiveness if repayment is made on or before December 31, 2023. Any remaining balance needs to be paid in full by December 31, 2025. The loan’s interest-free period ends on December 31, 2023. From January 1, 2024 onwards, an annual interest of 5% will be applied to any outstanding balance.

It is always best to repay the loan as early as possible. This is because you can enjoy a few of the following benefits:

No Interest

The CEBA loan incorporates a unique advantage in its structure – an interest-free period that lasts until December 31, 2023. This specific feature significantly benefits businesses as it allows them to manage their debt without the added burden of accruing interest. Businesses that are able to clear their outstanding balance before the end of this interest-free period can reap substantial benefits. 

Specifically, they can avoid the cost of interest that would otherwise accumulate on the remaining loan balance. As a result, settling the debt within this period can result in appreciable savings, relieving businesses of potential financial strain. It is a strategic move that requires careful planning but can significantly lighten the repayment burden.

Loan Forgiveness

The aspect of loan forgiveness is another stellar benefit of the CEBA loan program. Specifically, this refers to the provision whereby 33% (or up to $20,000) of the loan is forgivable if repaid by the deadline, significantly reducing the total repayment amount. Such a feature truly showcases the program’s commitment to supporting businesses during the difficult economic climate presented by the pandemic. 

By meeting the repayment deadline, businesses can ultimately reduce their long-term financial liability by a substantial amount. This provides a significant financial buffer and motivates businesses to manage their finances effectively to meet the repayment deadline.

Improved Credit Rating

Adhering to the repayment schedule of the CEBA loan can also significantly enhance the credit rating of a borrower (or business). The CEBA loan, like any other financial instrument, was facilitated by banking institutions in Canada. Repaying this loan in a timely manner displays financial responsibility and strong money management skills—two factors that banks and other financial institutions highly value. 

This timely repayment is reflected as a positive influence on your credit report, thereby boosting your credit score. A high credit score can unlock numerous financial opportunities for businesses, including access to better loan deals, lower interest rates, and more flexible terms on future borrowing.

What if the Deadline is Not Met?

What is you don't repay your CEBA loan?

If businesses are unable to meet the repayment deadline, they may face a few repercussions. Here is a detailed look at the impact of both the early repayment deadline and the final repayment deadline:

Impact of Missing the Early Repayment Deadline

What if you miss the early repayment deadline? Failing to meet the early repayment deadline—December 31, 2023—can have significant consequences on your financial situation. The most immediate implication is the loss of the loan forgiveness benefit. This means the possibility of having 33% of your loan ($20,000) forgiven becomes unattainable. Consequently, the entire $60,000 loan becomes due by December 31, 2025.

This situation can add a significant financial burden on businesses, considering the original intent of the program was to provide relief and support business continuity during the economic fallout from the pandemic. Without loan forgiveness, businesses are faced with heavier repayment obligations. They are now required to repay the entire amount within a set timeframe, which could strain their financial resources and impede their recovery process.

Impact of Missing the Final Repayment Deadline

Missing the final repayment deadline can have more serious implications. If a business fails to repay the CEBA loan by December 31, 2025, it will be considered in default of the loan. Following this, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) will initiate its collection efforts. 

While it is uncertain how stringent the CRA will be in their collection methods, the fact that you’ve been paying monthly interest but failed to clear the principal could create room for the negotiation of a favorable repayment plan. However, it’s advisable to consider seeking an alternative lender before December 31, 2025. 

Doing so can prevent you from defaulting on the loan and experiencing the associated issues with your credit score and collections. It is crucial to remember that defaulting can significantly impact your credit score and future borrowing capability, which could pose additional challenges for your business in the long term.

Best Methods for CEBA Loan Repayment

CEBA loan repayment methods

In this modern age of technology and digital banking, businesses have different repayment options for the CEBA loan. Here is an overview of the various methods available:

Mobile Applications

Mobile phones have become an integral tool in managing finances, including repaying CEBA loans. Financial institutions such as RBC and TD offer robust mobile apps that streamline the process, making it more accessible and efficient. These apps enable users to manage their CEBA loan repayment timelines efficiently and conveniently. They can easily transfer funds toward their outstanding balance, which helps to ensure that payments are made on time. This is crucial as timely payments maximize the borrower’s access to loan forgiveness programs.

The versatility and convenience offered by these mobile apps have made them a popular choice among businesses. They help businesses stay organized and on top of their finances and provide them with valuable insights and updates regarding debt relief options, enabling them to make informed financial decisions. So, choose the app of your preferred financial institution and proceed with the loan repayment process.

Online Banking

Next, we have online banking systems, which have made repaying a CEBA loan a lot more straightforward. Well-established banks such as RBC, TD Bank, BMO Financial Group, and Scotiabank have integrated these services into their online platforms, offering secure access to their customers. They allow businesses to manage the repayment of the CEBA loan effortlessly through their business bank accounts. 

For instance, BMO has incorporated a feature in its online banking system where clients can add the CEBA loan directly. This simplifies the process of transferring repayments at any preferred time. It is important to familiarize yourself with your bank’s specific online features related to loan repayments, as this can significantly streamline your management of the CEBA loan. Leveraging these trustworthy online banking tools, provided by major Canadian banks, makes loan repayment a seamless activity, tailored to the needs of the customers.

ATM Transactions

While traditional banking methods may seem old-fashioned in this digital era, many businesses still prefer the familiarity and tangibility they offer. For these businesses, the CEBA loan repayment can be executed at physical branches of some major banks such as RBC, TD, BMO, CIBC, and Scotiabank. This option provides the flexibility of making interest payments only when convenient for you and within the comfort of familiar surroundings.

However, it is essential to be aware of any applicable fees related to transactions executed through this route. Speak to your bank about potential charges before making a decision on how best to repay the loan based on your personal requirements and preferences. Understanding all available options when planning repayment schemes can offer more clarity, improve convenience, and avoid unexpected costs or inconveniences.


In conclusion, the repayment of the CEBA loan requires careful planning and consideration to avoid any negative financial implications. The early repayment deadline is December 31, 2023, and missing this could result in the loss of the loan forgiveness benefit, thereby making the entire loan amount due by December 31, 2025. More severe consequences await businesses that fail to meet the final repayment deadline, including defaulting on the loan and the associated credit complications.

A myriad of methods are available for loan repayment, including mobile applications, online banking systems, and traditional ATM transactions. These options offer flexibility and efficiency in making payments, with mobile applications and online banking platforms providing an added layer of convenience. Still, it is vital to understand each method’s specifics and potential transaction fees to avoid any unexpected costs.

Handling the CEBA loan responsibly and meeting the repayment deadlines is critical for businesses. Failing to do so can lead to significant financial burdens, impacting the business’s credit score and future borrowing capability. So, never forget to make timely payments and stay informed about the repayment date. Contact the CEBA call centre for more help on the CEBA loan balance and its eligible businesses.

Frequently Asked Questions

What date do you have to pay back CEBA loan?

The CEBA loan must be repaid by December 31, 2025. However, for borrowers to capitalize on the loan forgiveness program, the loan repayment must be completed by December 31, 2023.

Is the CEBA loan going to be forgiven?

Yes, a portion of the CEBA loan may be forgiven. If the loan is repaid by December 31, 2023, 33% of it can be forgiven. This means that if you borrowed $40,000, you would only need to repay $30,000. However, if you fail to repay by that deadline, the full loan amount becomes due by December 31, 2025.

Is CEBA extended to 2024?

The repayment must be made by December 31, 2023, to avail of the loan forgiveness program. If you fail to meet this deadline, the full loan amount is due by December 31, 2025.

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